In late 2018, a series of peaceful protests over the rise of political violence and against the rule of Serbian President Aleksandar Vučić and his governing Serbian Progressive Party (SNS) began to take place in the Serbian capital of Belgrade, soon spreading to cities across the country. The protests were precipitated by an assault on an opposition non-parliamentary politician Borko Stefanović in November 2018.

The protesters have called for greater press freedom, greater political freedom and plurality, electoral reform, new elections, and more government transparency, and condemned what they perceive as Vučić’s increasingly authoritarian tendencies (with manifestations including “hate speech” against opponents, suppression of dissenting voices, and mounting control over the country’s media), while also accusing him of creating a climate of fear and violence, and the party he heads of being corrupt. Some protesters and prominent figures also called for Vučić’s resignation.